It is indisputable that the brake system is one of the most critical safety systems, if not the most important, of all of the integral systems in a motor vehicle. Brakes are essential to user integrity and safety and are the primary means of protection that we have on the road when we go behind the wheel of a car.
The brake system helps us to slow down and stop the vehicle. Therefore, the brake system has to work effectively and efficiently. Its operation must be precise, and its maintenance must be prioritized above all things. Otherwise, we run the risk of experiencing premature deterioration of the system, and we run the risk of getting into a potentially life-threatening accident. For the brake system to always work correctly, it is necessary to keep all of its components in perfect condition. In fact, with each braking, heat and friction cause the components to suffer from wear and tear. As such, in order to not impair the proper functioning of the system as a whole, at some point, the discs and brakes must be replaced altogether.
Drums and Discs
There are two primary types of brake systems: Drum and Disc.
Drum Brakes: Drum brakes are located on the wheel itself and, for the most part, found on vehicles from the ’60s and 70s, since the more efficient disc system replaced them. However, plenty of cars on the road still use Drum brake technology. The main problem with drum brake systems is that they have a rather reduced cooling capacity. In other words, they can quickly overheat. Additionally, their maintenance and assembly are far more complex than in the case of disc brakes. Drum brake systems provide great braking power. It requires less effort on the pedal, but it implies a greater risk of locking, despite their high efficiency. Drum systems are very durable; however, it is recommended that they are serviced regularly.
Disc Brakes: Brake systems that utilize disc components can be mounted on the interior or exterior of the wheels. They can also be placed on any axle shaft and have a smaller friction surface; this provides them with a more efficient cooling capacity than drum-based systems. Disc brakes possess a more gradual braking speed, which makes them more effective overall. However, disc brakes erode far more quickly than drum brakes and are very sensitive to moisture and grime. As a result, disc brakes are more susceptible to deformations, cracking, and rust. It is extremely important that disc brakes are serviced regularly, and in comparison, to drum brakes, disc brake pads need to be replaced more frequently.
So, if you notice that your brakes are making a weird noise, or you feel a distinct pulse when you brake, swing on by Jammin’ J Auto & Tire to get a detailed analysis and professional service.